dijous, 17 de desembre de 2015
dimecres, 9 de desembre de 2015
Said cita el fragment número 18 del Minima Moralia, de Theodor W. Adorno, on aquest va escriure: “the house is past [i.e. over]... The best mode of conduct, in face of all this, still seems an uncommitted, suspended one… It is part of morality not to be at home in one’s home.” (1996, p. 57).
dijous, 3 de desembre de 2015
Edward Said, (1994), "Representations of the intellectual". New York: Vintage Books by Random House, Inc.
p. 3-4: "Antonio Gramsci, the Italian Marxist, activist, journalist and brilliant political philosopher who was imprisoned by Mussolini between 1926 and 1937, wrote in his Prison Notebooks that "all men are intellectuals, one could therefore say: but not all men have in society the function of intellectuals." (Antonio Gramsci, The Prison Notebooks: Selections, trans. Quintin Hoare and Geoffrey Nowell-Smith (New York: International Publishers, 1971), p. 9.) (...)
Those who do perform the intellectual function in society, Gramsci tries to show, can be divided into two types: first, traditional intellectuals such as teachers, priests, and administrators, who continue to do the same thing from generation to generation; and second, organic intellectuals, whom Gramsci saw as directly connected to classes or enterprises that used intellectuals to organize interests, gain more power, get more control. Thus, Gramsci says about the organic intellectual, "the capitalist entrepreneur creates alongside himself the industrial technician, the specialist in political economy, the organizers of a new culture, of a new legal system, etc." (ibid., p. 4.) Today's advertising or public relations expert, who devises techniques for winning a detergent or airline company a a larger share of the market, would be considered an organic intellectual according to Gramsci, someone who in a democratic society tries to gain the consent of potential customers, win approval, marshal consumer or voter opinion. Gramsci believed that organic intellectuals are actively involved in society, that is, they constantly struggle to change minds and expand markets; unlike teachers and priests, who seem more or less to remain in place, doing the same kind of work year in year out, organic intellectuals are always on the move, on the make."
p. 21: "The independent artist and intellectual are among the few remaining personalities equipped to resist and to fight the stereotyping and consequent death of genuinely living things. Fresh perception now involves the capacity to continually unmask and to smash the stereotypes of vision and intellect with which modern communications [i.e. modern systems of representation] swamp us. These worlds of mass-art and mass-thought are increasingly geared to the demands of politics. That is why it is in politics that intellectual solidarity and effort must be centered. If the thinker does not relate himself to the value of truth in political struggle, he cannot responsibly cope with the whole of live experience." "(C. Wright Mills, Power, Politics and People: The Collected Essays of C. Wright Mills, ed. Irving Louis Horowitz (New York: Ballantine, 1963), p. 299.)"